Sulfuryl Fluoride - ProFume
CAS No. 2699-79-8

Return to
Vikane Index Page
Adverse Effects Part 1
Adverse Effects Part 2

ACTIVITY: Fluorine fumigant (Inorganic)

Note: Sulfuryl fluoride has two uses:
Vikane - for structural fumigation (click here)
ProFume - for fumigation of food & feed facilities



January 10, 2011: US EPA Office of Pesticides informed FAN today that they have granted all our Objections to the use of sulfuryl fluoride on the grounds that children are overexposed to fluoride. If DOW AgroSciences does not mount a substantive defence against these grounds, the majority of foods will not be fumigated with sulfuryl fluoride beginning this year and all food fumigation with sulfuryl fluoride will end in three years. This is the first time in EPA's history that they have granted an Objection. See

For the past nine years, the Fluoride Action Network -- along with the Environmental Working Group and Beyond Pesticides -- have persisted in challenging EPA's decision to allow DOW AgroSciences to fumigate hundreds of food commodities in the United States with sulfuryl fluoride. On Monday, January 11, EPA announced that they have granted all our Objections to the use of sulfuryl fluoride on the grounds that children are being overexposed to fluoride. EPA therefore is withdrawing ALL previously allowed tolerances for sulfuryl fluoride on ALL foodstuffs. This is the first time in EPA's history that they have granted an Objection to a pesticide.

Further background:

- FAN's Statement on this stunning victory - Jan 11, 2011
- NY Times: EPA proposes phaseout of fluoride-based pesticide - Jan 11, 2011
- NY Times: Political battle brewing on sulfuryl fluoride ban - Jan 13, 2011
- FAN's response to brewing battle - Jan 14, 2011
- Joint press release from Environmental Working Group - Jan 10, 2011
- FAN/EWG's Consolidated Objections to Sulfuryl Fluoride - November 2006
- FAN/EWG's Request for a Stay of the Tolerances - June 2006

Adverse Effects Part 1:
Amyloidosis - Kidney
Body Weight Decrease
Deaths from Vikane fumigation

Endocrine: Adrenal
Endocrine: Hypothalmus
Endocrine: Thyroid

Adverse Effects Part 2:

Regulatory Information
(only comprehensive for the US)
US EPA Registered: Yes 
US EPA PC Code: 078003 
California Chemical Code 618 
Shipping numbers UN 2191
IMO 2.3
US Tolerances: CFR 180.575 and 180.145
EPA Reg. No. for ProFume 62719-376
Registered use in
(includes only a limited list of countries)

Switzerland, UK, US  


• Too many to list, see tolerances for food commodities approved

Other Information
Molecular Formula: SO2F2
Manufacturers: Dow Agro  
Other Names: Profume
Manufacture sites:

Dow Chemical, Pittsburg, California

Of special interest:
PAN Data. (Bad Actor pesticide: Acute toxicity)
Material Safety Data Sheets & Labels
• See also Documents on Sulfuryl Fluoride
Comments due August 24, 2009. Comments due on EPA's registration review of sulfuryl fluoride. EPA released several new documents, including a new Human Health Risk Assessment for public comment
June 10, 2009. Dow AgroSciences petitioned EPA for a 3-year Experimental Use Permit for a first-time use of sulfuryl fluoride as a pre-plant fumigant. See FAN's submission of July 10. The Sierra Club organized a sign-on petition to EPA to deny the permit on the basis that sulfuryl fluoride has 4,780 times the global warming impact of carbon dioxide.
August 4, 2006. Yhe NY State Attorney General's office submitted comments to the docket in support of the petition to end food uses of sulfuryl fluoride.
July 25, 2006. Letter to EPA Administrator from EPA Union in Washington DC
July 18, 2006. Article in Inside EPA, Activists Target Fluoride Pesticides To Tighten Drinking Water Limits
July 7, 2006. Press Release from the Environmental Working Group
June 2006. Three groups (Fluoride Action Network, Environmental Working Group, Beyond Pesticides) submitted a petition to US EPA to revoke all tolerances associated with the use of sulfuryl fluoride (ProFume®) on food.. The petition was submitted to EPA by the groups' attorney Perry Wallace, of the international law firm Zelle, Hofmann, Voebel, Mason and Gette.

March 22, 2006: The problem with ProFume. By Francesca Camillo. San Antonio Current (Texas).

... Although the EPA says it’s safe, fluoride activists believe that ProFume, a pesticide used to keep rodents and insects out of food-storage facilities, warehouses, and shipping containers, may contain levels of fluoride dangerous to humans. Elevated fluoride levels have been linked to reduced cognitive ability, pineal gland imbalance, and tooth decay.... Luddene Perry, author of A Field Guide to Buying Organic and an accredited organic inspector, said that much organic food is processed conventionally, so while crops may be grown organically they may be stored with conventionally grown crops that will be fumigated...

Februry 2006: EPA's wrote to FAN, EWG and Beyond Pesticides,and included their new human Helth Risk Assesment for sulfuryl fluroide. Incredibly, this is the first time that the public has had the opportunity to read this important document (both the draft and final versions) which EPA relied on (draft version) to set new tolerances. EPA's handling of the first-time tolerances for sulfuryl fluoride is becoming as much an issue as the science they have used to please Dow.

February 13, 2006 (received Feb. 22): EPA letter to FAN, EWG, Beyond Pesticides
January 18, 2006: Final Human Health Risk Assessment
June 2, 2005: Draft Human Health Risk Assessment

January 20, 2006: Dispute over methyl bromide alternative prompts debate on fluoride. By Manu Raju. Inside EPA. See full report reprinted with permission.

USEPA's "Waiver Justification of Inhalation Rat Developmental Neurotoxicity Study (DNT)"

January 23, 2006: In a telephone conversation with EPA's General Counsel, Jon Fleuchaus, we learned that USEPA waived the condition for Dow to perform an inhalation developmental neurotoxicity (DNT) study in APRIL 2004.

He said that EPA's July 15, 2005, Final Rule, was incorrect when it stated:

Based on the available evidence, the Agency is requiring an inhalation DNT study in rats (OPPTS Harmonized Guideline 870.6300) as a condition of registration in order to more clearly and fully characterize the potential for neurotoxic effects in young animals.

This waiver is dated April 22, 2004. However, the first time the public learned of the waiving of the DNT study was in a November 2005 letter from the NYS Bureau of Pesticides to Dow. The waiver was confirmed

Sulfuryl fluoride (ProFume®) in New York State

January 9, 2006 - Press Release from FAN Pesticide Project: NYS approves pesticide despite unresolved health risks.

January 4, 2006 - Letter from FAN Pesticide Project to NY Bureau of Pesticides requesting revocation of approval for the use of sulfuryl fluoride as a food fumigant.

November 28, 2005 - Letter from the NY Bureau of Pesticides to Dow AgroSciences approving the use of ProFume® as a "Restricted Use Pesticide" product in NY state.

January 4, 2006 - FAN Pesticide Project request to the New York State Bureau of Pesticides to revoke its approval of the use of ProFume® in NY state.

November 28, 2005 - New York State Bureau of Pesticides Management letter to Dow AgroSciences. Excerpts:

• The Department accepts ProFume ® Gas Fumigant (EPA Reg. No. 62719-376) for registration as a “Restricted Use Pesticide” product in New York State. On or before November 30, 2007, Dow Agro must submit to the Department certain United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) Data Evaluation Reports or detailed reviews as specified in the following risk assessment.
• As conditions for federal registration of this pesticide product, USEPA requested that the registrant submit by January 26, 2006, the following information:
1) an inhalation developmental neurotoxicity study in rats;
2) data describing actual sulfuryl fluoride exposure to workers involved in fumigation and post-fumigation activities for various sites; and
3) data of sulfuryl fluoride residues in air from areas surrounding fumigation facilities. The New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) requested that the registrant submit to the Department for NYSDOH review a copy of the USEPA Data Evaluation Record reports or if unavailable, a copy of the USEPA’s detailed reviews of this required information.
• DISCUSSION: On November 15, 2005, Dow Agro provided the Department with confirmation that USEPA had waived the inhalation rat developmental neurotoxicity study. Dow Agro also provided study summaries of the occupational and residential exposure data (ten studies) submitted to USEPA on May 18, 2004. Dow Agro estimates that USEPA will review the air monitoring studies during the next 12 to 18 months. Therefore, Dow Agro must provide the Department with USEPA Data Evaluation Reports or detailed reviews of these studies by November 30, 2007.
• There is a New York State drinking water standard for fluoride, which is 2.2 milligrams per liter (10 NYCRR Part 5, Public Water Systems).

July 15, 2005 - EPA letter to Dow AgroSciences on certain conditions not noted in the Final Rule of the same date.

1) Within two (2) years of the date of this letter, a study containing representative residue data must be submitted to reflect total post-treatment fluoride residues. The data must be of sufficient quantity and scope to allow re-evaluation of all tolerances, and should focus on agricultural commodities rather than finished foods. Prior to initiating this study, and within sixty (60 days) of the date of this letter, a protocol must be submitted to reflect the proposed study outline. Within this protocol, a validation method for the data must be specified.

2) Changes to the applicator's manual, which is considered a component of the product labeling for this product, must be made as follows:..

b) On page 9, the reference to "Milk" present in the section for Commodities That Can Be Fumigated must be revised to read "Milk, powdered"...

c) On page 26, within the section for Flames or Heating Elements, replace the term "SO2" with the words "sulfur dioxide". In addition, replace the term "HF" with the words "hydrofluoric acid".

From July 2005 California report on Vikane: Environmental Fate - Volume III:

... A search of the open science literature produced no citations relevant to the fate of sulfuryl fluoride in the atmosphere ... Little or no data on sulfuryl fluoride’s environmental and atmospheric loss processes are available. There are no experimental data to confirm that it photolyzes in the troposphere or reacts with OH radicals, NO3 radicals, or O3. It is entirely possible that sulfuryl fluoride has a long or very long atmospheric lifetime and should therefore be considered a greenhouse gas. (pages 7-8)

2005 - Container Label and Applicator Manual for ProFume® gas fumigant. Dow AgroSciences LLC. 108 pages.
All food tolerances approved as of July 15, 2005, with comparisons of those petitioned by Dow to what was approved by EPA

CALIFORNIA: Public comment period up to Sept 5, 2005, on California's proposal to approve sulfuryl fluoride

The proposed regulatory action designates sulfuryl fluoride as a state restricted material. The proposed regulatory action would make permanent the emergency regulation that is now in effect. Comments received during the comment period will be considered and responded to in the Department's Final Statement of Reasons. It is in the Department's discretion whether to consider comments that are received after the close of the comment period.

• Notice of Proposed Action

• Proposed Text

• Initial Statement of Reasons

• Economic and Fiscal Impact Statement

• Comments can be emailed by going to this site


Brief summary of Dow's efforts to use sulfuryl fluoride on food commodities
2005 - Dow Chemical Plant Expansion. By Will Rostov and Catherine Engberg.
This is a short article about a settlement entered into that allowed Dow to dramatically expand its production of sulfuryl fluoride to 18 million pounds a year at its facility in Pittsburg, California.
July 21, 2005 - FAN's submission to the National Research Council Committee: Toxicologic Risk of Fluoride in Drinking Water; BEST-K-02-05-A.
Part 1. Fluoride Pesticides. New Source of Fluoride Exposure.
Part 2. "Inerts" used in Pesticides. New Source of Fluoride Exposure.

2005 - Dow's special website for ProFume
FAQs: "Dow AgroSciences is aggressively generating data to support food tolerances for a wide range of food commodities."

2005 - On June 4, FAN received EPA's response to the Objections and Request for Hearing submitted on the Final Rule for the first-time use of sulfuryl fluroide as a fumigant on stored food.
May 18, 2005 - ProFume registered for use in California
2005 - Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Residues. Geneva, 20-29 September 2005. This is a request for the submission of data on "new pesticides" - including sulfuryl fluoride - for consideration at a September 20-25, 2005 meeting. Suggested date for submittals was November 2004. Details for submissions are available at this site:
Registration of ProFume on food commodities.
Online info as of March 9, 2005:

See ProFume - specimen label revised 2/10/04

See ProFume Material Data Safety Sheet. Dow AgroSciences. Date: February 17, 2004

NEW YORK - January 31, 2005. ProFume (EPA Reg. No. 62719-376). NY State DEC letter to Dow. Denial of Application to Register a Major Change in Labeled Use Pattern.

"... Please be aware that ProFumeTM (EPA Reg. No. 62719-376) may not be sold, offered for sale, distributed, or used in New York State."

IOWA - 2004: ProFume (EPA Reg. No. 62719-376). Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship. Pesticide Bureau. ProFume is listed with an "Active" Registration Status with an Expiration Date: Dec 31,2004 - check for updates.

SOUTH CAROLINA - Feb. 2005: Restricted Use Products: Profume. South Carolina Department of Pesticide Regulation.

TENNESSEE - 2004. "PROFUME, (sulfuryl fluoride), (DowAgroSciences LLC, EPA Reg. No. 62719-376) for control of postharvest insect and rodent pests. This product was registered conditionally effective August 27, 2004 after resolution of label issues and clarification of formulation methodology." Tennessee.

August 30,2004: Request to the California Air Resources Board (ARB) for "application-site monitoring" of sulfuryl fluoride as a food fumigant. The request is from Paul Gosselin, Acting Director of the California Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR). Gosselin states:

We are requesting monitoring for sulfuryl fluoride because DPR may soon register this pesticide as a postharvest commodity fumigant. This use is significantly different from the structural fumigations ARB has monitored in the past. In addition, the registrant may change the method of application for structural fumigations and conduct air monitoring. Since the methodology for this pesticide is complicated and method performance can vary, DPR may need ARB to conduct quality control checks for the registrant monitoring andor monitor commodity fumigations.

Based on a preliminary assessment of the toxicology data, DPR requests the following target quantitation limits:

Acrolein 0.7 pg/m3
1,3-Dichloropropene 0.5 pg/m3
Methyl bromide 0.1 pg/m3
Sulfuryl fluoride 30.0 pg/m3

September 15, 2004: Gosselin writes another memo to the CA ARB. He states

It is likely that DPR will recommend monitoring one to two applications each for acrolein and sulfuryl fluoride, as well as ambient monitoring for 1,3-dichloropropene and methyl bromide. No breakdown products will be monitored.

2004 - US EPA's "support documents" that were attached to the January 23, 2004, Federal Register docket. These documents contain EPA's response to comments submitted by Fluoride Action Network.
US EPA Registration Eligibility Decision (RED)
TOXNET profile from Hazardous Substances Data Bank
September 1993 - Sulfuryl Fluoride - EPA's RED Facts
February 2002 - ACTION ALERT and UPDATE on Sulfuryl fluoride. EPA's latest effort to set tolerances for inorganic Fluoride residues "in and on" a large number of raw and processed food commodities.
June 2, 2004 - Updated Summary of Toxicological Data, California EPA
August 1, 1986 - Summary of Toxicological Data, California EPA
2001 - Update on the development of sulfuryl fluoride as an alternative to methyl bromide, by Hindes, Welker, Schneider, and Drinkall. Dow AgroSciences.  
October 2000 - The Postharvest Fumigant of the Future? US Department of Agriculture
1997 - Article by Caroline Cox, Journal of Pesticide Reform 17 (2) 17-20  
January 5, 2002 - Dow Chemical planning to invest heavily in upgraded plant.
April 1993 - Pesticide Information Profile - Cornell Pesticide Management Education Program
June 1985 - Chemical Fact Sheet - Cornell Pesticide Management Education Progra 
Pesticide Products - partial list 
2000 US EPA Toxic Release Inventory - brief summary 

Sulfuryl fluoride
EPA Toxic Release Inventory (TRI)
Facility Air Releases by Year
(Note: TRI statistics on Sulfuryl fluoride began in 1995. The latest statistics for 2003 were released in 2005. TRI does not include all industries or sources of air releases.)

Facility State
1998 1997 1996 1995
22614 RT 84 N,

"Fumigants -used to kill insects, insect eggs, and microorganisms- are the most acutely toxic pesticides used in agriculture. Because they are gases, fumigants are usually taken directly into the lungs, where they readily enter the blood and are distributed throughout the body. Although inhalation is the most serious source of exposure and can lead rapidly to death, absorption of fumigants through the skin can also be a significant hazard (103) [page 293]."
Ref: U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Neurotoxicity: Identifying and Controlling Poisons of the Nervous System, OTA-BA-436 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 1990).

Rationale for US EPA to add Sulfuryl Fluoride to the Toxic Release Inventory

The primary effects of sulfuryl fluoride in humans are respiratory irritation and central nervous system depression, followed by excitation and possibly convulsions. Rabbits exposed via inhalation (6 hours/day, 5 days/week, for 2 weeks) to sulfuryl fluoride showed hyperactivity, convulsions and vacuolation of the cerebrum at 600 ppm (2.5 mg/L). Renal lesions were present in all rats exposed by inhalation (6 hours/day, 5 days/week, for 2 weeks) to 600 ppm (2.5 mg/ L) sulfuryl fluoride. Minimal renal changes were noted in rats exposed to 300 ppm (1252 mg/L), whereas no effects occurred at 100 ppm (4.2 mg/ L). Convulsions at near lethal concentrations were reported in rabbits, mice, and rats. In a 30-day inhalation study, loss of control, tremors of the hind quarters, and histopathological changes in the lung, liver, and kidney were reported in rabbits exposed to 400 ppm (1.6 mg/L) for 7 hours/day, 5 days/week for 5 weeks. The NOEL was 200 ppm (0.83 mg/L). Cerebral vacuolation and/or malacia and inflammation of nasal tissues were observed in rabbits exposed by inhalation to 100 or 300 ppm (0.4 or 1.25 mg/L) for 13 weeks. The NOEL was 30 ppm (0.125 mg/L). Rats exposed by inhalation to 100 to 600 ppm (0.4 to 0.25 mg/L) sulfuryl fluoride for 13 weeks developed mottled teeth (indicative of fluoride toxicity), renal and respiratory effects, and cerebral vacuolation. EPA believes that there is sufficient evidence for listing sulfuryl fluoride on EPCRA section 313 pursuant to EPCRA section 313(d)(2)(B) based on the available neurological, renal, and respiratory toxicity data for this chemical.

Ref: USEPA/OPP. Support Document for the Addition of Chemicals from Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) Active Ingredients to EPCRA Section 313. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (1993). As cited by US EPA in: Federal Register: January 12, 1994. Part IV. 40 CFR Part 372. Addition of Certain Chemicals; Toxic Chemical Release Reporting; Community Right-to-Know; Proposed Rule.

Sulfuryl fluoride (SO2F2), also known as VikaneŠ (99.8 percent by weight sulfuryl fluoride and 0.2 percent inerts), was developed by Dow Chemical in the late 1950s as a structural fumigant. VikaneŠ is currentllly manufactured by DowElanco, which supplies 100 percent of the VikaneŠ structural fumigation market. Since first marketed in the US in 1961, it has been used to fumigate more than one million buildings, including museums, historic landmarks, rare book libraries, government archives, scientific and medical research laboratories, and food-handling facilities. Sulfuryl fluoride is used in approximately 85 percent of all structural fumigations.
Ref: US EPA.

2004 - US EPA maximum residue levels on food for Methyl Bromide. EPA lists 182 food commodities with tolerances for residues from the fumigant methyl bromide. This is of some interest as sulfuryl fluoride is touted as an alternative fumigant for methyl bromide. Methyl bromide is scheduled to be phased out of use by January 1, 2005 because it is a known to deplete the ozone layer. (Note the very high residue levels EPA has allowed on food for methyl bromide.)

US Federal Register

•• Note: Due to length, the following is a partial list. Click here to see full list of FR entries.

Date published in the FR Docket Identification Number Details
June 24, 2009 EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0136

DOW AGROSCIENCES. Registration Review; Pesticide Dockets Opened for Review and Comment. Notice.
With this document, EPA is opening the public comment period for these registration reviews. Registration review is EPA's periodic review of pesticide registrations to ensure that each pesticide continues to satisfy the statutory standard for registration, that is, the pesticide can perform its intended function without unreasonable adverse effects on human health or the environment. Registration review dockets contain information that will assist the public in understanding the types of information and issues that the Agency may consider during the course of registration reviews. Through this program, EPA is ensuring that each pesticide's registration is based on current scientific and other knowledge, including its effects on human health and the environment.


Sulfuryl Fluoride: Human Health Assessment Scoping Document
in Support of Registration Review, May 28, 2009. Document ID: EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0136-0006

Sulfuryl Fluoride: Addendum to the Human Health Assessment
Scoping Document in Support of Registration Review. June 17, 2009. Document ID: EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0136-0008

Sulfuryl Fluoride California DPR Usage Data, October 2008.  Document ID: EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0136-0004

6/15/09 - Registration Review: Preliminary Problem Formulation
for Ecological Risk, Environmental Fate, Endangered Species,
and Drinking Water Assessments for Sulfuryl Fluoride.  Document ID: EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0136-0009

• Sulfuryl Fluoride Appendix A Label Data Report, November 2008. Document ID: EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0136-0005

• Updated Review of Sulfuryl Fluoride Incident Reports, February 2009.   Document ID: EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0136-0007

To submit comments (due by August 24) click here and scroll down to "Registration Review Case (Sulfuryl Fluoride)" - then click on "Send a Comment or Submission".

• Sulfuryl Fluoride: Summary Document Registration Review, June 2009.  Document ID: EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0136-0003,june.2009.pdf

• Reader’s Guide to the Sulfuryl Fluoride Docket # EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0136; June 24, 2009. Document ID: EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0136-0002

June 10, 2009 EPA-HQ-OPP-2009-0298 DOW AGROSCIENCES. Pesticide Experimental Use Permit; Receipt of Application; Comment Request.
Dow is requesting an EUP [Experimental Use Permit] for sulfuryl fluoride, a pesticide fumigant. The product is intended to be applied as a pre-plant soil fumigant to areas where tomato, pepper, squash, and cucurbits are typically grown. The proposed EUP program would be initiated on August 1, 2009 and finalized on August 1, 2012. The amount of pesticide product proposed for use is 32,500 lbs of the product, which equals 32,435 lbs of the active ingredient. The total proposed acreage is 65 acres. The states in which the proposed program will be conducted include California, Florida, Georgia, and Texas.
July 5, 2006. EPA-HQ-OPP-2005-0174 and/or EPA-HQ-OPP-2003-0373 Sulfuryl Fluoride; Request for Stay of Tolerances. EPA has received a motion requesting that EPA stay the effectiveness of pesticide tolerances for sulfuryl fluoride and fluoride promulgated on January 23, 2004 (69 FR 3240) (FRL-7342-1), and July 15, 2005 (70 FR 40899) (FRL-7723-7). There are currently objections and requests for hearing pending with regard to these tolerances. The objections and requests for hearing were filed by the Environmental Working Group, the Fluoride Action Network, and Beyond Pesticides/National Coalition (``the objectors''). The motion is dated June 1, 2006, but it was not received by EPA counsel handling this matter until June 13, 2006. As the basis for a stay, the objectors rely heavily on the National Research Council's report titled Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Scientific Review of EPA's Standards. This report was released on March 22, 2006.
Given that the tolerances as to which the stay is being sought have been in effect for an extended period and that the request for a stay raises complex science issues of great public interest, EPA is publishing this notice of availability of the motion for a stay and requesting comment on the motion. The motion for a stay is available in the OPP Regulatory Public Docket under the dockets for the tolerance rules in question: EPA-HQ- OPP-2005-0174 and EPA-HQ-OPP-2003-0373. The dockets for these rulemakings are also available online in the Federal Government's electronic docket at

July 15, 2005


• EPA is requiring an inhalation developmental neurotoxicity study in rats (OPPTS Harmonized Guideline 870.6300) as a condition of registration in order to more clearly and fully characterize the potential for neurotoxic effects in young animals.
See: EPA's response to Public Comments (Docket OPP-2005-0067-0020)
See EPA's Addendum to Public Comments (Docket OPP-2005-0067-0021)
See: Comparison of this Final Rule to Dow's March 4, 2005 Petition for new tolerances.
• There is too much to comment on to give a fair representation of FAN's concerns. The residue tolerances EPA approved with this Final Rule are:

Sulfuryl fluoride
All processed food commodities not otherwise listed
Cattle, meat, dried
Cocoa bean, postharvest
Coconut, postharvest
Coffee, postharvest
Cottonseed, postharvest
Eggs, dried
Ginger, postharvest
Herbs and spices, group 19, postharvest
(This group includes 135 commodities)
Milk, powdered
Nut, pine, postharvest
Peanut, postharvest
Rice, flour, postharvest
Vegetables, legume, group 6, postharvest
(This group includes 57 commodities)

With this action, tolerances are established in association with the use of sulfuryl fluoride for the above commodities as a result of the treatment of areas and equipment within food and feed processing plants with sulfuryl fluoride for the control of insects. The term food and feed processing plant includes those facilities specifically listed under the Food and Feed Processing Plants subgroup within pesticide use site group 12 in Appendix A to 40 CFR part 158.

Food and feed processing plants include:

• Food and feed processing plants
• Bakeries
• Bottlers
• Canneries
• Dairies, creameries, milk processing plants
• Feed mills, feed stores
• Fresh fruit packing and processing
• Meat processing
• Poultry processing
• Wineries, wine cellars
• Flour mills, machinery, warehouses, bins, elevators
• Egg processing
• Candy and confectionary plants
• Sugar processing, cane mills, etc.
• Cider mills
• Dry food products plants
• Tobacco processing
• Air treatment for processing and transportation of foods
• Beverage processing
• Nut processing
• Cereal processing
• Seafood processing
• Vegetable oil processing
• Spice mills
• Vinegar processing
• Farinaceous processing (noodles, etc.)
• Mushroom processing
• Dried fruit processing
• Pickle processing
• Ice plants
• Chocolate processing
• Fruit juice processing

-•• Note: Due to length, the above is a partial list. Click here to see full list of Federal Register entries.

Fluoride Action Network | Pesticide Project | 315-379-9200 |