Class Action Lawsuits - PFOA
2005: Newspaper articles and Documents
related to DuPont's Washington Works facility in Wood County, West Virginia,
and communities where PFOA and PFOS chemicals
were manufactured or disposed.

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Class Action Lawsui
Adverse Effects
PFOS - PFOA Index Page

Note: The spate of reporting on Teflon is directly related to the Class Action lawsuit filed by the users of the C8-contaminated drinking water supplied by the Little Hocking Water Association. It was the chemicals produced by DuPont's facility in West Virginia to make Teflon and related products that was the source of this contamination. On February 28, 2005, DuPont settled this Class Action lawsuit (see March 1, 2005, reports below).

Aug 22, 2005: Information on free bottled water
Little Hocking Water Association: 1-800-275-6544 or

Median C8 levels in Little Hocking Water Area residents vs. other groups
U.S. general population 5 parts per billion (ppb)
Little Hocking water area 340 ppb
Washington Works production workers 490 ppb
Other production workers Approximately 5000 ppb
Belpre residents 298 ppb
Little Hocking residents 327 ppb
Cutler residents 316 ppb
Vincent residents 369 ppb

Source: Summary of Community C8 Study. Warren High School Auditorium, August 15, 2005

C-8 Health Project

This website provides information to individuals in the Class Action lawsuit whose drinking water was contaminated with PFOA or C8 from DuPont's facility in West Virginia.

"The sole purpose of the Health Project is to gather data from the members of the class participants so that a science panel can determine if there is a link between C-8 exposure and human diseases." 

Those eligible to be in the Class Action:
"Anyone who for the period of one year up to and including December 3, 2004 consumed water that has tested for C-8 levels of .05 ppb (parts per billion) or greater.  These include the public water districts listed below as well as private water sources within the geographic boundaries of the public water districts.  Any private water source must also have been tested for C-8 levels of .05 ppb." 

• Lubeck Public Service District
• Mason County Public Service District
• Little Hocking Water Association
• City of Belpre Water Department
• Tuppers Plains-Chester Water District
• Village of Pomeroy Water Department Office

Concern has been triggered in other communities where PFOA and PFOS chemicals were manufactured and disposed (either by landfill or incineration). Reports and documents related to them are included.

See also:

2006: Newspaper articles and Documents

2004: Newspaper articles and Documents

2003: Newspaper articles and Documents

2001 - 2002: Various related documents

• September 2005 United Steelworkers International Union report, Not Walking the Talk: DuPont's Untold Safety Failures, documents DuPont's poor record of safety performance and environmental compliance. The report also shows how the company covers up this deplorable record through carefully engineered public relations efforts.

"Mysterious wasting disease" and death of 260 cattle in West Virginia. Linked to exposure to DuPont's landfilling of PFOA Ammonium perfluorooctanoate (C8) wastes in landfill near farm.

"We thought her teeth came in without enamel," Cochran said. Lauren had to have her teeth removed after they failed to develop properly. Recently Cochran has discovered that several other families in her area have experienced the same problem ..."
Ref: Examining the water we drink: Concerns about C8 linger. By Callie Lyons. The Marietta Times (Ohio).

2005: Newspaper articles and reports

Dec 21, 2005

Papers sealed in 3M lawsuit. But judge widens chemical inquiry.

The 500,000-plus documents that 3M Co. soon will hand over in response to a lawsuit alleging groundwater contamination in Washington County will be sealed, a judge ruled Monday... Hannon's order lays out a time line for the case, including a hearing on class-action status in November 2006. Attorneys say a trial usually doesn't launch until months after such a hearing... The attorneys representing residents of Cottage Grove and nearby areas in the 3M case will be able to ask the court to unseal documents that they think don't include trade secrets.

By John Welbes.
Pioneer Press (Minnesota).
Dec 19, 2005

DuPont, EPA Settle. Company to pay $16.5 million to settle PFOA allegations.

...Granta Y. Nakayama, EPA assistant administrator for enforcement, says the most serious allegation involved failure to report for more than 20 years that PFOA was found in the umbilical cord blood of a baby of a woman working at DuPont's plant outside of Parkersburg, W.Va. That facility uses PFOA to manufacture DuPont's Teflon brand of polytetrafluoroethylene... The company will pay a $10.25 million fine and spend $6.25 million for two additional projects. One is $5 million in research evaluating the potential for nine DuPont fluorotelomers to break down into PFOA. The remaining $1.25 million will fund microscale chemistry and green chemistry programs in schools near the West Virginia plant.

By Cheryl Hogue.
Chemical & Engineering News.
Dec 18, 2005

DuPont won't say how C-8 is formed. Residents fear contamination.

... government and company officials are refusing all requests for names of the chemicals and products targeted in a $5 million study included in a record-breaking $16.5 million settlement announced by the EPA last week.

By Jeff Montgomery.
The News Journal (Delaware).
Dec 15, 2005

DuPont fined $16.5 million by the EPA. Settlement in W.Va. Teflon plant case is noncourt record for agency.

By Jeff Montgomery. The News Journal (Delaware).
Dec 14, 2005

DuPont fined $16.5 million by the EPA. EPA Settles PFOA Case Against DuPont for Largest Environmental Administrative Penalty in Agency History.

The settlement package requires DuPont to pay $10.25 million in civil penalties and perform Supplemental Environmental Projects worth $6.25 million.
DuPont PFOA Settlement Supplemental Environmental Projects (SEPs)
Fluorotelomer-based Product Biodegradation Testing SEP
The Biodegradation SEP will investigate the biodegradation potential of certain chemicals to breakdown to form PFOA. The SEP, valued at $5 million and to be completed in 3 years, will evaluate nine of DuPont’s commercial fluorotelomer-based products in commerce prior to the settlement. Using two types of biodegradation studies, the SEP will help the public to better understand the inherent degradation potential of fluorotelomer-based products to form PFOA and the behavior of such products when released to the environment. DuPont will use independent laboratories to perform all work associated with the Biodegradation SEP and will hire an independent third party to serve as a Panel Administrator for a Peer Consultation Panel. The Peer Consultation Panel will address specific charges related to the biodegradation studies. The public will have the opportunity to nominate Peer Consultation Panel members. DuPont has agreed to require the laboratories it contracts with to follow the Agency’s Good Laboratory Practices regulations as well as prepare and follow a Quality Assurance Project Plan.
Microscale Chemistry and Green Chemistry SEP
DuPont will spend $1.25 million to implement over an expected 3 year period the Microscale and Green Chemistry SEP, a SEP that will foster curriculum change in 7 schools in Wood County to reduce risk posed by chemicals using microscale chemistry, which reduces exposure to chemicals, and green chemistry, an approach that uses safer chemicals. The goals of this SEP include reducing the adverse impact to public health by minimizing the potential exposure to chemicals in schools, avoiding subsequent disposal issues for these materials, and enhancing science safety in all of the schools involved in the SEP. This SEP will involve close coordination with teachers and administrators in the participating schools.

• See
The Consent Agreement
EAB Transmittal Memo for DuPont PFOA Settlement

Press Release
Dec 9, 2005

Food Wrapping Under Scrutiny.

... The problem, Evers says, is the chemical coating called Zonyl seeps off into the food and into your body — turning into a possible cancer-causing substance called PFOA... Evers says back in 1987, DuPont scientists discovered Zonyl seeped off the paper at triple the rate advised by FDA, but that was kept a company secret he says...

Dec 6, 2005

Top engineer: DuPont hid dangers for years of chemical within teflon, paper products.

... At a Washington press conference in mid-November by the Environmental Working Group, Glenn Evers, a 22-year DuPont veteran and former chair of its technical committee, described DuPont efforts to keep using the chemical mixture, ammonium perfluorooctanic acid, also known as PFOA or C8...

By Mark Gruenberg.
ILCA Online
Washington DC
Dec 1, 2005

Legislative hearing raises questions about MPCA, 3M relationship.

By Lorna Benson.
Minnesota Public Radio.
Nov 30, 2005

New discovery of C8 contradicts DuPont claims, say citizen groups; state assumes authority over DuPont investigation.

Newly discovered contamination of groundwater by a controversial toxic chemical manufactured only at DuPont's Fayetteville, North Carolina, facility contradicts the company's previous claims about the source of the contamination and the dangers posed to people and the environment... A total of 24 out of the 28 groundwater and surface water locations sampled in Sept/October 2005 revealed C8 contamination...

By the North Carolina C8 Working Group.
Press Release.
Nov 29, 2005

DuPont seeking cause of seepage.

... A chemical that has contaminated drinking water near a DuPont plant in West Virginia has seeped into groundwater beneath the Fayetteville plant where it is made. The chemical, ammonium perfluorooctanoate, or APFO, is commonly called C8. It is used by DuPont and other companies to make products including fast-food wrappers, Teflon pans and coatings for wires and semiconductors... The most contaminated water was taken from a new monitoring well near the APFO facility. That sample found a concentration of 147 parts APFO per billion parts water. That is about 100 times more than the amount discovered beneath the other building in 2003... Hudson said the facility releases about 200 pounds of APFO into the air each year around the plant... DuPont opened the $23 million APFO facility in 2002 to produce the chemical after the 3M company stopped making it. The Fayetteville site is the only place in the U.S. where the chemical is made.

By Nomee Landis.
Fayetteville Observer (North Carolina).
Nov 29, 2005

EPA, DuPont finalize settlement in C8 lawsuit.

... Lawyers for DuPont and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency told an administration law judge on Nov. 23 that they had reached a final agreement, but needed more time to put together the paperwork. Judge Barbara Gunning then gave the parties until Jan. 13 to file the formal agreement. Officials from both the EPA and DuPont refused to release terms of the deal ...

Associated Press.
Akron Beacon Journal (Ohio).
Nov 26, 2005

Nonstick Taints: Fluorochemicals are in us all.

... Nonstick cookware has been investigated as another likely candidate, but in recent tests, the Food and Drug Administration found fry pans to be a negligible source. However, those tests showed that during microwaving, the grease-resistant paper used in popcorn bags releases traces of PFOA to the oil that coats the kernels.
Indeed, microwave popcorn is an extreme case. Paper temperatures that can exceed 200 deg. C "significantly increase the potential for [PFOA] migration,"
say the FDA's Timothy H. Begley and his coworkers in College Park, Md. In the October Food Additives and Contaminants, they conclude that in their study of food-contact materials, treated paper is the greatest potential source of fluorochemicals...

By Janet Raloff. Science News.
Nov 22, 2005

C8 and the Ohio EPA.

... Nicole and her family drank the Little Hocking Water Association's contaminated water until recently when DuPont agreed to supply water that was C8 free. Even so, tests under the DuPont class action settlement found high levels of C8 in Nicole and her family's blood. "My little girl was 500 and mine was 700," said Taggert referring to how many parts per billion of C8 were found in their blood. The average American, by contrast, has 5 parts per billion of C8 in their blood. The tests on Nicole, her family and thousands of other southeast Ohioans found some of the highest C8 levels on earth...

By Roger McCoy.

WBNS-10TV (Ohio).

Nov 16, 2005

Former DuPont Top Expert: Company Knew, Covered Up Pollution of Americans' Blood for 18 Years.

1973. Ninety-day feeding study in rats and dogs with Zonyl® RP. Report No. 68-73. Medical Research Project No. 1491. Dupont Haskell Laboratory for Toxicology and Industrial Medicine.

1966. DuPont Internal Memo discussing FDA rejection of Zonyl paper use petition.

1987. DuPont Internal memo showing Zonyl over 3 times the FDA limit.

1984. DuPont Internal memo including petition to FDA showing approved limits.

Nov 15, 2005. Letter to US FDA from the Environmental Working Group.

The Environmental Working Group.
Press Release.
Nov 16, 2005

Papers: DuPont hid chemical risk studies.

DuPont Co. hid studies showing the risks of a Teflon-related chemical used to line candy wrappers, pizza boxes, microwave popcorn bags and hundreds of other food containers, according to internal company documents and a former employee. The chemical Zonyl can rub off the liner and get into food. Once in a person's body, it can break down into perfluorooctanoic acid and its salts, known as PFOA, a related chemical used in the making of Teflon-coated cookware... The DuPont documents were made public Wednesday by the Environmental Working Group, a research and advocacy organization... The environmental group on Wednesday gave the FDA and the EPA copies of DuPont-sponsored internal studies indicating higher dangers from Zonyl than the government knew, including its ability to migrate into the food. One of the documents, a 1987 memo, cites laboratory tests showing the chemical came off paper coating and leached into foods at levels three times higher than the FDA limit set in 1967. Another document, a 1973 Dupont study in which rats and dogs were fed Zonyl for 90 days, said both types of animals had anemia and damage to their kidneys and livers; the dogs had higher cholesterol levels.

By John Heilprin.
(Associated Press)
The Washington Post

Nov 15, 2005

Letter to US FDA from the Environmental Working Group.

... The documents we are submitting (Exhibit A) show that as of 1987, DuPont'" knowingly produced Zonyl, a paper coating chemical allowed for food contact use, in a manner where the amount of Zonyl that migrated into foods (0.62 ppm) was over three times the FDA-agreed upon limits (Exhibit B). Zonyl was, and presumably still is, used as a grease and water barrier for paper food containers for hundreds of popular food items from French fry and pizza boxes to cookie and doughnut packages, candy wrappers, and microwave popcorn bags. The allowable level (a.k.a. extraction limit) of Zonyl in food is 0.2 ppm, and this amount was the basis for the regulation set by FDA in 1967 that governs the amount of Zonyl that may be applied to papers useld as food packaging and hot food containers: 0.17 lb/1000 sq ft. This is still the legal level today [21 CFR 176.1701. The enclosed document shows that DuPont knew that applying Zonyl to paper at this rate resulted in Zonyl in food at three times the level that FDA found safe in 1967 (0.62 found in 1987 vs. 0.2 established as the limit in 1967). We have very strong reasons to believe that DuPont never informed the FDA of this important finding even though it is clear that it could have had a major impact on the public health, and could have triggered a reevaluation of the safety of the Zonyl as a paper coating that leached into foods...

Exhibit A
Exhibit B

Letter to
Robert E. Brackett, Ph.D. Director, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, US. Food and Drug Administration

Richard Wiles
Senior Vice President
The Environmental Working Group

Nov 15, 2005

Food wrappers have excess C8, engineer says.

French-fry boxes, microwave popcorn bags and pet food containers could contain unsafe amounts of the toxic chemical C8, a longtime DuPont Co. chemical engineer testified last year in a lawsuit against the company. Glenn R. Evers, who left DuPont in 2002, said the company discovered the problem but did nothing about it... During the months before the [class action] settlement, residents’ lawyers obtained sworn statements from a variety of current and former DuPont employees. In April 2004, Evers answered questions under oath from the residents’ lawyers for nearly eight hours. During this interview, called a deposition, Evers said DuPont learned from a 1966 study that chemicals like C8 can be transferred to food if they are used as package coatings. DuPont also knew from a study that dogs that had been fed fluoro-chemicals like C8 developed enlarged livers... DuPont convinced the FDA that its product ZONYL RP would extract to a range of 0.1 to 0.25 parts per million, Evers said. “FDA said, ‘Fine. You are certified,’” Evers said. Later, DuPont discovered that ZONYL RP was leaching more than 0.5 parts per million of C8 into food packaging, Evers said. “What it meant was that we were out of compliance for that particular product,” Evers said. “We shouldn’t be selling it to the paper industry. More of the fluorochemicals product was extracting from the paper into water than what FDA allowed.”

By Ken Ward Jr.
The Charleston Gazette (West Virginia).
Nov 6, 2005

Thousands sign up for C8 health screening.

By Brian Farkas.
The Beacon Journal (Ohio).
Nov 5, 2005

Teflon value touted to SEC. DuPont says billions staked to use of C-8.

About $1 billion in DuPont Co. sales could be affected if the federal government were to ban or restrict a chemical the company uses to make Teflon, DuPont said Thursday in a Securities and Exchange Commission filing.

By Gary Haber.
The News Journal (Delaware).
Nov 1, 2005

Customers get water delivered in bottles.

... Under the program, registered households are eligible to receive up to three gallons of drinking and cooking water per resident... DuPont has agreed to finance the bottled water program until the carbon filtration system is operational and effective as agreed to by both DuPont and the Little Hocking Water system.

Marietta Times (Ohio)
Oct 27, 2005

Steelworkers union says DOE would be courting disaster in allowing DuPont
involvement in operation and clean-up of nuclear weapons plant in South Carolina

The United Steelworkers (USW) sent a letter to the U.S. Secretary of Energy,
concerning news that DuPont Company will partner with Fluor Corporation to compete with other companies for contracts worth $7.5 billion in managing and cleaning up the Savannah River nuclear weapons site near Aiken, South Carolina. The letter states:

... Hiring DuPont to manage and clean up the Savannah River Site is tantamount to hiring a wolf to guard a hen house... It is notable that Fluor, DuPont's prospective partner in this endeavor, is the main contractor for DuPont at the company's Fayetteville, North Carolina site where C8 is produced. The C8 plant began operating in late 2002 with DuPont's assurances that C8 would not leak into the air or water. However, three months later C8 was discovered in groundwater and discharges to a nearby river. The USW's own investigation revealed that information about the contamination was not disclosed to state officials for almost six months...

• See: September 2005 United Steelworkers International Union report, Not Walking the Talk: DuPont's Untold Safety Failures, that documents DuPont's poor record of safety performance and environmental compliance. The report also shows how the company covers up this deplorable record through carefully engineered public relations efforts.

Letter from James K. Phillips, Jr., Chair, USW Atomic Workers' Council
to Samuel W. Bodman, Secretary of US Department of Energy.

Oct 26, 2005

Lawmakers looking into 3M chemicals, 'outrageous' allegations.

... Sen. John Marty, DFL-Roseville, said he was extremely troubled by additional allegations: that Oliaei has been reprimanded for talking to reporters, that she has had to pay her own expenses and take vacation time to present her findings at scientific conferences, that her immediate supervisor who also wanted to expand the research was replaced suddenly last year, and that her most recent proposal was given to a different scientist and its objectives changed. Marty, committee chairman, said it is "outrageous" that agency managers are overruling some of their experts. It's "mucking around with science and telling scientists not to do their work," he said... Sen. Sharon Marko, DFL-Cottage Grove, and others were displeased that MPCA Commissioner Sheryl Corrigan did not attend the hearing. Corrigan was a manager for Maplewood-based 3M before her appointment as commissioner in late 2002. Applegate said Corrigan has recused herself from all decisions related to 3M...

By Tom Meersman.
The Minneapolis Star Tribune (Minnesota).
Oct 25, 2005

MPCA scientist tells lawmakers her research on 3M chemicals was blocked.

This report contains links to:
Toxic Traces
Part 1: The science
Part 2: The neighbors
Part 3: The politics
Part 4: The company
Part 5: The future
The long reach of perfluorinated chemicals
A timeline of PFCs
Reporter's notebook
Resources and links

By Lorna Benson.
Minnesota Public Radio.

Oct 25, 2005

Wood residents oppose DuPont permits.

Wood County residents turned out Monday night to object to the latest permits for the landfill where DuPont Co. dumped wastes containing the toxic chemical C8. Under the permits, the state Department of Environmental Protection does not limit the amount of C8 that DuPont can discharge from the landfill into tributaries of the Ohio River... Since the dump opened in 1984, DuPont has disposed of large amounts of C8-contaminated wastes in the facility. Company tests have confirmed that C8 is leaching from the landfill into Dry Run Creek at levels above the company’s internal limits... The landfill permits were last renewed for a five-year term in April 1998 and formally expired April 2003.

By Ken Ward Jr.
The Charleston Gazette (West Virginia).

Oct 25, 2005

Public hearing held to discuss industrial waste landfill.

Wood County residents Monday voiced their concerns about an industrial waste landfill owned by DuPont. The Department of Environmental Protection held a 6 p.m. public hearing at the Wood County Courthouse Annex on Market Street. The issue at hand was the renewal of a disposal permit for DuPont's Dry Run landfill. The Dry Run landfill, a 17-acre facility, is located near Lubeck... The permit allows DuPont to discharge C8 from the landfill into nearby creeks. Whyte said C8 is not regulated by state or federal guidelines... Whyte said DuPont plans to close the landfill, and the company must submit a detailed closure plan...

By Rodger Adkins.
The Parkersburg News & Sentinel (West Virginia).
Oct 24, 2005

Record levels of toxic PFCs in Minnesota fish. Bioaccumulations in Food Chain Are Building; Fish Advisory May Be Needed.

Alarmingly high levels of a new toxic chemical have been found in Minnesota fish in the Mississippi River near a 3M disposal site, according to new state figures released today by Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER). The record high levels of the chemical found in the livers of predatory fish will be magnified in the livers of mammals, including humans, who eat those fish. The chemicals are PFCs (perfluorochemical compounds) which bio-accumulate in living tissue and do not break down in the environment. PFCs tend to concentrate in blood and liver tissues of fish and mammals, with those concentrations growing each step up the food chain. The PFCs found in the latest study were manufactured by 3M... Dr. Oliaei found “the highest concentration of [PFCs in] any fish tested to date, and the second highest concentration…for any animal species tested worldwide” in the livers of smallmouth bass caught in the Mississippi near the 3M site...

See also:
• Whistleblower case: Fardin Oliaei v. Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
Lettter from Minnesota State Senator John Marty to Marvin Hora, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).

Press Release
Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER)
Oct 17, 2005

Before There Was a C-8 Issue

It was 10 years ago this month that farmer Earl Tennant spoke about contamination of streams near the dry run landfill, a landfill operated by DuPont Washington Works... And Tennant told us the water from those streams was causing a major weight loss in his livestock and a revenue loss for his farm.... Changes involving tougher testing requirements and for DuPont to cap C-8 discharges from the landfill are being proposed by the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection.

By Todd Baucher
WTAP News (Marietta, Ohio)
Oct 16, 2005

Agencies widen study of toxins in fish.

By Jeff Montgomery. The News Journal (Delaware)
Oct 8, 2005

C8 testing process vital, but takes time.

Marietta Times. (Ohio).
Sept 30, 2005

DuPont Reports Leaks In Landfill.

...DuPont reported the first of the two leaks in mid-June and the second in July. The leaks appear to have caused the concentration of the chemical C8 in the landfill's water discharge into Dry Run to nearly double, according to company records...

The Chief Engineer (IL)
Sept 28 , 2005

3M wants papers sealed. Suit over Scotchgard chemicals proceeds.

3M Co. is prepared to hand over more than 500,000 pages of documents related to its production of two chemicals but wants the judge handling the Washington County lawsuit to seal the records... 3M is just shifting the burden of determining what is confidential to the residents' legal team, said Mark Englehart, an attorney representing the Washington County residents. The lawsuit, filed almost a year ago, centers on 3M's production of two perfluorochemicals, PFOA and PFOS, and their disposal at nearby dump sites. The chemicals were made at 3M's Chemolite plant in Cottage Grove...

By John Welbes.
Pioneer Press (Minnesotta).
August 31, 2005

Firm seeks new pollution permit .

AGC Chemicals Americas, Inc., also known as Asahi Glass, on East 22nd Street off Route 440, has petitioned the state for an air pollution control operating permit. It is required to obtain the permit under federal Clear Air Act regulations because it operates a "hazardous waste incinerator."

If the permit is granted, AGC's incinerator would be allowed to discharge into the air up to 1.68 pounds per year of arsenic compound, up to 13,140 pounds per year of chlorine and up to 1,752 pounds per year of hydrogen fluoride, the DEP says.

... One chemical the plant reportedly uses in the manufacturing of a non-stick product, PFOA, has been identified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as a likely carcinogen, but no federal or state environmental standards have yet been issued governing its discharge from chemical plants...

By Ronald Leir.
The Jersey Journal (Jersey City, NJ).
August 29, 2005

Ignore rumors; Teflon proven to be safe.

... According to Dr. Elizabeth Whelan, a toxicologist and president of the American Council on Science and Health, "Teflon, probably more than any industrial product, is the poster child of modern technology, one that has made our lives easier and more enjoyable," and it is precisely the product's "stellar success story [that] makes it a very ripe target for those who spew chemical-phobia in their crusade to eliminate the tools modern industrial chemistry has given us -- pesticides, pharmaceuticals, food additives, and more."

Never distracted by the facts, the strategy of many self-styled public health advocacy organizations like the Environmental Working Group, Greenpeace, Center for Science in the Public Interest, and the Union of Concerned Scientists realize that their charges need not be true but merely plausible.

... Distortion and manipulation of science by PR-savvy consumer groups in pursuit of political agendas erodes our society's capacity to innovate and prosper...

By Henry I. Miller.

Chicago Sun-Times.

FAN Notes:
• Henry Miller is on the Board of Directors of the American Council on Science and Health.

• According to Peter Montague: ACSH is "a scheme-tank supported by the chemical industry." (Ref: Rachel's Environment & Health News.
# 656. A Campaign of Reassuring Falsehoods. June 24, 1999.)

August 28, 2005

DEP has no plans to revisit C8 water limit.

... In May 2002, DEP finalized its 150-part-per-billion C8 limit following a study led by Dee Ann Staats, who was then the agency’s science adviser. Staats’ work on the project was funded by DuPont, and the chemical company had a representative on the study team...

... Emmett, whose research is funded by the federal government, said he was especially concerned about childhood exposure to C8. In his study, Emmett said he found that C8 levels of 150 parts per billion in water would eventually result in blood levels in children of 20,000 to 25,000 parts per billion...

By Ken Ward Jr. Sunday
Gazette-Mail (West Virginia).
August 27, 2005

Nonstick Pollution Sticks in People.

... A person's body readily absorbs PFOA but doesn't readily excrete it, says Tim Kropp, a toxicologist with the Environmental Working Group, a Washington, D.C., advocacy group that has been unearthing documents on the health effects and environmental fate of nonstick chemicals. PFOA's half-life in the body is 4.4 years. What that means, Kropp says, is that even if no additional PFOA exposure occurred, the body "would take about 2 decades to get rid of about 99 percent of it."...

In Emmett's study, among people living near the DuPont plant but not working there, young children and older adults tended to have the highest body burdens of the pollutant. For instance, although the median PFOA concentrations was 320 ppb in women and 346 ppb in men, the median among children under 6 was around 500 ppb, and concentrations in some 25 percent of them exceeded 800 ppb. Similarly, the median for people over 60 was 500 ppb but many had blood concentrations "in the thousands," Emmett says. That's bad news, he said at the town hall meeting in Ohio, because these are the most physically vulnerable segments of society.

Another apparent at-risk group: people who eat lots of homegrown produce. Emmett's team found that among Little Hocking water users, those who ate no homegrown fruits and vegetables had median PFOA concentrations of 295 ppb. However, those eating up to 20 servings per week of garden produce had median concentrations of 420 ppb, and the value climbed to 469 ppb for those who ate even more home-grown fruits and veggies. ...

By Janet Raloff.
Science News,
Vol. 168, No. 9.
August 25, 2005

New Discoveries of DuPont C8 Pollution in Fayetteville: Additional Concerns Raised Over Government Inaction and Threat to Drinking Water.

... new evidence that ammonium perfluorooctanoate - or C8 - has further contaminated groundwater wells and a discharge channel leading to the Cape Fear River at the DuPont Co. Fayetteville Works...

North Carolina C8 Working Group
(a coalition of public interest organizations)

August 23, 2005

Free bottled water available for reimbursement from DuPont.

-- Citizens can be reimbursed for up to three gallons of drinking water per day for each person in the household.
-- all schools are immediately able to buy bottled water
-- Eligibility for non-residential customers such as restaurants will be determined in a case-by-case basis.
-- private well owners, those citizens are eligible if it is determined that the C8 level is 0.05 parts per billion or greater.

By Tom Hrach.
The Marietta Times (Ohio).
August 18-20, 2005

Fluoros 2005 Abstractbook (133 pages):
An International Symposium on Fluorinated Alkyl Organics in the Environment
Toronto, Canada

Topics (133 pages):
Environmental Fate and Transport
Analytical Chemistry & Monitoring
Risk Assessment and Regulatory Policy

Oranizing Committee Chair:
Professor Scott Mabury, University of Toronto
August 18, 2005

“SCOTCHGARD” WHISTLEBLOWER FILES FEDERAL FREE SPEECH LAWSUIT — Gag Order Against Speaking with Legislators and at Scientific Conferences on “Emerging Contaminants”

... the chemicals at issue include –
• PFCs, perfluorochemical compounds, which bio-accumulate in living tissue and do not break down. While not yet categorized as a human carcinogen, PFCs have caused birth defects and deaths in animal studies. 3M began to phase out production of the chemicals in 2000, but hundreds of thousands of pounds remain in the environment...


August 17, 2005

(Award presented on July 26, 2005)

West Virginia, Ohio Attorneys Win 2005 Trial Lawyer of the Year Award for Settlement Holding DuPont Accountable for C8 Pollution.

Six West Virginia and Ohio lawyers received the 2005 Trial Lawyer of the Year Award from The Trial Lawyers for Public Justice (TLPJ) Foundation on July 26, 2005, for achieving a groundbreaking settlement in Leach v. E.I. DuPont de Nemours and Company, a class action lawsuit in which corporate giant DuPont was sued for damages and medical monitoring stemming from its leaking of perfluorooctanoic acid or “C8” – a chemical used in producing nonstick cookware – into the drinking water of Mid-Ohio Valley residents living near DuPont’s Washington Works plant in Parkersburg, West Virginia.

The nation’s single most prestigious honor for trial lawyers, the award is bestowed annually upon the lawyers who made the greatest contribution to the public interest by trying or settling a precedent-setting case. The award was presented at The TLPJ Foundation’s Annual Gala & Awards Dinner at The Carlu in Toronto to Charleston, West Virginia attorneys Harry G. Deitzler, R. Edison Hill, and James C. Peterson of Hill, Peterson, Carper, Bee & Deitzler, PLLC (Hill, Peterson), Larry A. Winter of Winter Johnson & Hill PLLC, and Cincinnati attorneys Robert A. Bilott and Gerald J. Rapien of Taft, Stettinius & Hollister LLP. ...

The Trial Lawyers for Public Justice

The Environmental Working Group

August 17, 2005

U.S. EPA finds C8 in drinking water near Circleville.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency said Tuesday that DuPont found evidence of ammonium perfluorooctanoate, also known as PFOA and C8, in wells near the plant but did not report the finding because C8 levels fell below a detection level the company set. The wells were used by the Earnhart Hill Regional Water and Sewer District.

"We strongly believe the current approach described by DuPont is not appropriate or acceptable," Cathy Fehrenbacher, a chief with the agency's pollution prevention and toxics office, wrote in an April 28 letter to DuPont.

... The company has agreed to use a lower limit - between 3 and 5 parts per trillion - in samples collected this summer near its Washington Works plant near Parkersburg, W.Va., said David Boothe, planning manager for DuPont Fluoroproducts. The company's current limit is 10 parts per trillion...

...The Ohio EPA on Monday issued a statement saying no C8 had been detected in drinking water near the Circleville plant. The state agency wasn't aware of the letter from federal officials until Tuesday...

Associated Press.
Akron Beacon Journal (Ohio).
August 16, 2005

North Sea: Oil industry released tons of toxic pollutant.

More than 80 tons of the toxic pollutant known as Perfluorooctane sulphonate (PFOS) have been flushed directly into the sea by Norwegian oil rigs between 1980 and 2005, according to the first ever estimate of the amount of this toxic pollutant discharged by Norwegian oil rigs.

... “Oil rig operators have discharged fire-fighting foams called "Light Water AFFF" directly into the sea during tests, spills and false alarms,” said today marine biologist Per-Erik Schulze of Friends of the Earth Norway...

Friends of the Earth Norway urges Norwegian authorities to take action
without delay and points out three priorities:
1. Ban all further use of PFOS in the oil industry with immediate effect
2. Safely remove and dispose existing fire-fighting foam containing PFOS
from oil and gas installations
3. Warn the authorities of other countries with offshore activities that
oil installations potentially are a major source of PFOS contamination.

See FOEN estimates online

Press Release.
Friends of the Earth Norway.
August 16, 2005

Avoid C8 water, researcher says.

Ohio Valley residents should avoid drinking water contaminated with DuPont Co.’s toxic chemical C8, the lead researcher in a major government-funded study said Monday night.

Dr. Edward Emmett, a University of Pennsylvania scientist, also said that the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection’s so-called safe limit for C8 in drinking water — 150 parts per billion — needs to be changed...

By Ken Ward Jr.
The Charleston Gazette (West Virginia).
August 16, 2005

Residents skeptical of C8 study.

Dr. Edward Emmett of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine discusses his group’s findings on a broad study of the chemical known as C8 Monday at Warren High School... The study found that the highest levels of C8 were found in children under the age of 6 and adults over the age of 60.

Little Hocking Water Association customers will receive coupons for free bottled water paid for by DuPont after an announcement Monday that preceded new information regarding the health effects of the chemical C8.

According to officials with the water association, the agreement was reached with DuPont because of concern over recent information showing high levels of the chemical C8 in the blood of its 12,000 customers...

David Altman, a lawyer from Cincinnati representing the water association, said it is still the association’s position that its customers not use any water with C8 in it... The free bottled water will be available until a carbon filtration system is installed and in full operation, Altman said. The process of installing that system is about 50 percent complete and could be done in a few months...

By Kevin Pierson and Justin McIntosh.
The Marietta Times (Ohio).

The article above states:

The study found that the highest levels of C8 were found in children under the age of 6 and adults over the age of 60.

The article below states:

Children under 2 years old will not be permitted to have blood drawn, Flensborg said. “We actually advise parents not to have blood drawn on children 6 and under, but we will do one stick,” she said...

August 16, 2005

People look for answers as C8 blood tests begin.

...Monday was the first day of testing for Belpre and Little Hocking residents and was considered a test run for the health project’s employees. Once the project is fully under way in Belpre, as many as 128 citizens could be tested a day, said Patsy Flensborg, project manager. The goal is to test more than 60,000 people at the four sites over the next year.

Children under 2 years old will not be permitted to have blood drawn, Flensborg said. “We actually advise parents not to have blood drawn on children 6 and under, but we will do one stick,” she said...

By Justin McIntosh.
The Marietta Times (Ohio).
August 16, 2005

Findings by U Penn Researcher on Teflon Chemical.

... the chemical accumulates in children, and builds up in human blood at levels 106 times higher than those in tap water. The study author specifically recommended that parents avoid using the polluted water in infant formula, and called his new findings on children's blood levels "the exact opposite of what we would want to see from a public-health perspective."

Dr. Tim Kropp and Jane Houlihan

Briefing Memorandum
The Environmental Working Group

August 16, 2005

Providing bottled water a good move by DuPont.

The Marietta Times (Ohio).
August 13, 2005

Group to give results of C8 study.

Little Hocking Water Association customers will have an opportunity Monday to find out how the chemical C8 is affecting them, as an independent research group releases the full results of its C8 study...

• A comment period remains open until Aug. 22 for the renewal of DuPont’s permits for its Dry Run landfill in Wood County. DuPont has reported two leaks in the landfill this summer that appear to have increased the discharge of C8.

By Kate York.
The Marietta Times (Ohio).
August 12, 2005

DuPont C8 Tests OK With EPA. State agency is not concerned that federal EPA suspects company might be withholding data.

... DuPont tests of wastewater taken from a drainage ditch that runs into the Scioto River show C8 at levels between 8.1 parts per billion and 9.8 parts per billion. Those levels are higher than C8 found in three wells the Little Hocking Water Association uses for drinking water in southeastern Ohio... DuPont also estimates that its Circleville plant releases 158 pounds of C8 into the air each year, said Bill Spires, a manager in the Ohio EPA's air division.

By Spencer Hunt.
The Columbus Dispatch (Ohio).
August 12, 2005

C8 found in wastewater, air at DuPont's Circleville plant.

... Tests from one holding pond at the plant that drains into the river showed levels of C8 at 8.1 to 9.8 parts per billion, according to Ohio EPA records obtained by The Columbus Dispatch. Another holding pond that doesn't run into the river had levels of the chemical, also known as ammonium perfluorooctanoate, ranging from 9.4 to 13.2 parts per billion... Rob Banerjee, manager of the Circleville plant, said on Wednesday that the company started collecting wastewater and incinerating it in December to prevent the chemical from getting into the drinking water...

Associated Press.
The Beacon Journal (Akron, Ohio).
August 11, 2005

Nonstick cookware risk in question.

... Industry representatives point out that consumer goods produced in processes that use PFOA don't necessarily still contain the chemical. But scientists have found that nonstick coatings can chemically break down when heated, creating and releasing PFOA into food and the environment...

Any risks, though, may extend well beyond nonstick pots and pans. The Food and Drug Administration has begun a preliminary investigation into the migration of PFOA into food heated in coated paper packaging, such as that used for microwave popcorn, pizza boxes and french fry containers. A spokesman for the FDA told The New York Times last month, however, that it's too early to declare coated food packaging a safety risk...

By Suzanne Havala Hobbs.
The News & Observer (North Carolina)
August 10, 2005

Union raps DuPont on C-8 disclosure. Steelworkers urge health warnings on products.

... Union officials said companies have “a legal duty to warn” customers about cance

r risks and other health concerns posed by perfluorooctanoic acid, also called PFOA or C-8. The chemical is under investigation and has been tentatively labeled as a likely carcinogen by a federal science panel. “What we are trying to do is simply allow these companies to warn their customers and consumers that there’s maybe a problem,” said Joseph Drexler, a spokesman for the labor group. “So we’ve done an extensive mailing to carpet cleaning companies, major retail clothing companies and fast food chains.” ...

By Jeff Montgomery.
The News Journal (Delaware).
August 4, 2005

Agency rebuffs information request in "Scotchguard" whistleblower case. Issues raised by Minnesota scientist are at core of Senator's Letter.

Press Release
Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER)
August 3, 2005

Lettter from Minnesota State Senator John Marty to Marvin Hora, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA).

The letter itemizes specific infomation on perfluorinated chemicals previously requested but not received, for example:

Because of the delay in receiving the information from Dr. Oliaei, we also requested information on any barriers that might have prevented her from sharing this information with legislators. This information is even more pertinent now, because the response we received from our letter to her came from you, not her. In addition, we saw media reports of a whistleblower lawsuit shortly after that, in which she alleged that she was being harassed by the MPCA because of her research and communications on these issues.

Letter from Minnesota Stat Senator to Marvin Hora, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
August 3, 2005

The North Carolina C8 Working Group Calls for investigation of water contamination at DuPont Fayetteville Works; "Likely Human Carcinogen" found in groundwater and discharges to the Cape Fear River.

... several of North Carolina’s leading public interest organizations — including Clean Water for North Carolina, the Waterkeeper Alliance, the North Carolina Occupational Safety and Health Project, and Cape Fear River Watch Inc.formed “The North Carolina C8 Working Group” to ask state Department of Environmental and Natural Resources (DENR) officials to act quickly to address public health and safety concerns...

North Carolina C8 Working Group
July 28, 2005

New study finds levels of chemical up in people using water.

Citizens who use water from the Little Hocking Water Association were found to have levels of the chemical C8 in their blood 60 to 80 times greater than what is typically found in the general population.

A study released Wednesday from an independent, government-sponsored research group also determined that water was the major cause of C8 in the blood of area citizens. The study focused on residents in the communities of Belpre, Little Hocking, Cutler and Vincent...

Edward A. Emmett, professor of occupational and environmental medicine at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, said the early results from this study, combined with the uncertainty about the chemical’s safety, prompted him to release the results now.

The latest study was funded through a four-year Environmental Justice Partnership grant from the National Institute of Environmental Health Services. The study was done with environmental health scientists at Pennsylvania’s School of Medicine, Decatur Community Association in Cutler and a local physician with Grand Central Family Medicine in Parkersburg.

“We felt an ethical and moral obligation that once we were certain the water was the main thing to let people and the authorities and everybody know that,” Emmett said in a conference call Wednesday...

By Justin McIntosh and Tom Hrach.

The Marietta Times (Ohio).

July 24, 2005

Will Environmental Fear Stick to DuPont's Teflon?

If the E.P.A. were to take action against PFOA, it would be the first major regulation of a chemical in more than 15 years. Of the more than 80,000 chemicals that have been in commercial use since World War II, just five types are regulated: PCB's, halogenated chlorofluoroalkanes, dioxin, asbestos and hexavalent chromium.

By Amy Cortese.
The New York Times.
July 23, 2005

Water system conducts C8 tests.

The level of the chemical C8 in the blood of a small group of Little Hocking Water Association customers has recently been found to be much higher than residents living in Lubeck, W.Va., much closer to the DuPont Washington Works plant where the chemical is used.

According to Robert Griffin, general manager of the water association: “They were the highest we had seen in non-workers ..."

By Justin McIntosh.
The Marietta Times (Ohio).
July 22, 2005

DuPont officials say Teflon suit will not impact Bladen plant.

The DuPont Fayetteville Works plant near the Cumberland County line in northwest Bladen County [North Carolina] produces the chemical used to make Teflon... The plant is the only DuPont site that makes the chemical-perfluorooctanoate (APFO)-used to produce the Teflon used in a wide variety of products from cookware to phone cable, to computer chips, and even clothing...

By Jack McDuffie.
The Bladen Journal (North Carolina).
July 20, 2005

Independent tests find higher levels of C8.

By Callie Lyons.
The Athens Messenger (Ohio).
July 20, 2005

DuPont faces yet another class action suit over C8.

The Associated Press.
The Marietta Times (Ohio).
July 14, 2005

BodyBurden. The Pollution in Newborns.
A benchmark investigation of industrial chemicals, pollutants, and pesticides in human umbilical cord blood.

- Full Report
- News Release
- EWG letter to Chemical Lobby

This study reports the results of 287 industrial chemicals found in umbilical cord blood from 10 babies born in August and September of 2004 in U.S. hospitals. "The umbilical cord blood of these 10 children, collected by Red Cross after the cord was cut, harbored pesticides, consumer product ingredients, and wastes from burning coal, gasoline, and garbage."

Perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) - 12 tested, 9 found. Active ingredients or breakdown products of Teflon, Scotchgard, fabric and carpet protectors, food wrap coatings.

Perfluorochemical (PFCs) [parts per billion wet weight]
Chemical class and subclass
Concentrations of chemicals in umbilical cord blood from 10 newborns (average and range among individual umbilical cord blood samples)
Number of newborn umbilical blood samples with detections
Perfluorochemical (PFCs)
(3.37 - 10.6)
10 of 10
Perfluorinated sulfonate (PFOS)
(2.26 - 7.760)
10 of 10
Perfluorinated carboxylic acid (PFOA)
(1.1 - 2.870)
10 of 10

Environmental Working Group

Principal authors: Jane Houlihan, Timothy Kropp, Richard Wiles, Sean Gray, Chris Campbell

July 13, 2005

Hundreds fill cafeteria for C8 health project.

By Tim Brust
The Marietta Times (Ohio)
July 12, 2005

800 get briefing on C8 screenings
Health study to focus on residents near DuPont plant

See C8 Health Project:

Associated Press
The Charleston Gazette (West Virginia)
July 10, 2005

DuPont proposed, dropped ’81 study of C8, birth defects

By Ken Ward Jr.
The Charleston Gazette (West Virginia)
July 9, 2005

Screenings set to test for effects from C8

A health screening project, which will test levels of the chemical C8 in the blood of residents in six water districts, is scheduled to begin in late July or early August... Dr. Paul Brooks and Art Maher of BrookMar Inc., an independent commission appointed by the court to oversee and manage the C8 health project...

By Pamela Brust
The Marietta Times (Ohio)

July 9, 2005

Health tests to start in DuPont deal.

Staff and wire reports
The News Journal (Delaware).
July 8, 2005

DuPont’s editing of state’s reports on C8 worries Little Hocking customers

Court records uncovered last week show DuPont regularly reviewed and edited West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection media releases concerning C8, which has area residents concerned about what else the company might be trying to keep from the pubic... The Little Hocking Water Association is one of the water districts where C8 can be found. About 12,000 customers are served by the water association, which has the highest concentrations of C8 contamination of any public water supply in the United States...

By Brad Bauer
The Marietta Times (Ohio)
July 8, 2005

Final Enforceable Consent Agreement and Testing Consent Order for Four Formulated Composites of Fluoropolymer Chemicals; Export Notification.

EPA has issued a testing consent order (Order) that incorporates an enforceable consent agreement (ECA) with AGC Chemicals Americas, Inc.; Daikin America, Inc.; Dyneon, LLC; and E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (the Companies)...

... Data developed from the ECA testing will contribute to the Agency's [EPA] efforts to determine whether municipal and/or medical waste incineration of fluoropolymer
(FP) chemicals
is a potential source and/or pathway of environmental and human exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)...

There were 159 documents attached to this Docket. FAN has downloaded each document and they are available at

See also List of Fluoropolymer Chemicals to be used in incineration tests

Federal Register.
Docket OPPT-2003-0071
July 8, 2005

US EPA new site on Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA)

July 7, 2005

DuPont disputes EPA's C-8 review.

By Jeff Montgomery.
The News Journal (Delaware).
July 7, 2005

Review board members differ on potential risks of Teflon chemical.

By Randall Chase.
The Charlotte Observer (North Carolina).
July 7, 2005

Our Opinion: C8 issue is no place for meddling with government

The Marietta Times (Ohio)
July 7, 2005

Group calls for Timmermeyer to quit over C8.

By Ken Ward Jr.
The Charleston Gazette (West Virginia).
July 6, 2005

Environmental Quality Board hears DuPont case

The Marietta Times (Ohio)  
July 6, 2005

DuPont shares new human health Research on PFOA with EPA Science Advisory Board

DuPont press release
July 4, 2005

PFOA called likely human carcinogen. EPA science advisers say agency needs to assess cancer risk from compound.

By Cheryl Hogue
Chemical & Engineering News
July 3, 2005

DuPont lawyer edited DEP's C8 media releases.

... Last week, Gallagher confirmed in an interview that Dee Ann Staats, a toxicologist hired as the DEP’s science adviser, insisted that DuPont review, edit and approve all C8-related statements issued by the state. ...In a sworn statement filed with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Gallagher explained that DuPont regularly reviewed and edited DEP news releases concerning C8 issues...

By Ken Ward Jr.
The Gazette Gazette-Mail (West Virginia)
June 28, 2005

Independent Science Panel to EPA: Teflon Chemical is 'Likely' Human Carcinogen. Findings Create Pressure on Bush EPA to Stop Pollution of Americans' Blood With Hyper-persistent Chemical, Level Maximum Fine.

Excerpts from the panel's report:

"In considering the collective evidence the majority of panel members concluded that the experimental weight of evidence with respect to the carcinogenicity of PFOA was stronger than proposed in the draft document, and suggested that PFOA is a 'likely' carcinogen in humans." (p. 2)

"In the evaluation of carcinogenicity, the Panel supports the inclusion of multiple cancer endpoints" (p. 3)

"Immunotoxicity has been reported, and derivations of MOEs for such effects are encouraged. Given the prevalence of PPAR receptors, including PPAR-alpha in brain, effects on nervous system structure and function warrant attention." (pp. 3-4)

Note: PPAR = peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor

Press Release from
The Environmental Working Group
June 28, 2005

EPA panel calls C-8 a ‘likely’ carcinogen

By Jeff Montgomery
The News Journal (Wilmington, Delaware)
June 27, 2005

Draft Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) Risk Assessment Report

This draft report was reviewed by the Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) Risk Assessment Review Panel on a Public Teleconference on July 6, 2005.

US EPA Science Advisory Board
Draft Report
June 25, 2005

C8 project on track to start this summer

... The effort includes gathering medical histories and blood samples from residents of six water districts considered “class” members for purposes of the civil action. The six districts are Lubeck Public Service District, Mason County in West Virginia, and Little Hocking, Belpre, Tuppers Plains and Pomeroy in Ohio... Project coordinators are encouraging class members to go ahead and register at the project Web site to facilitate the process. The Web site address is

By Pamela Brust
The Marietta Times (Ohio)  
June 24, 2005

DuPont-DEP meeting on Wood C8 dump set

... The 17-acre dump, about four miles southwest of the community of Lubeck, is at the center of a controversy over the toxic chemical C8. Since the dump was opened in 1984, DuPont has disposed of large amounts of C8-contaminated wastes in the Dry Run facility...

By Ken Ward Jr.
The Charleston Gazette (West Virginia)
June 23, 2005

Wood County water quality reports OK

By Evan Bevins
The Parkersburg News & Sentinel (West Virginia)
June 15, 2005

Little Hocking customers asked to conserve water ... If the water demand is not reduced, the association will have to begin using Well No. 5, which has been found to have a higher level of the chemical C-8 than the other wells.

By Kate York
The Marietta Times (Ohio)
June 15, 2005

The Sticking Point. Nonstick pans are a boon to cooks, but are there dangers lurking beneath the surface?

By David Rubien
San Francisco Chronicle
June 14, 2005

Sweden calls for world ban on PFOS chemical

By Daniel Frykholm
May 28, 2005

Board wants more review of DEP's C8 deal ... for a toxic waste dump at DuPont Co.'s Wood County plant.

By Ken Ward Jr.
The Charleston Gazette
(West Virginia)
May 26, 2005

DuPont monitors chemical pollution

... DuPont officials say the chemical [ammonium perfluorooctanoate or APFO] did not come from the new $23 million building where it is produced but from a leaking cement cistern beneath another building... DuPont's Fayetteville Works plant is the only facility in the United States that makes the chemical... EPA records show the company has trucked APFO waste products to Arkansas and New Jersey...

By Nomee Landis
Fayetteville Observer [Arkansas]
May 26, 2005

Chemical found in groundwater near DuPont plant in Fayetteville ... the same chemical that contaminated public water supplies around a DuPont plant in West Virginia.

Associated Press
May 20, 2005

DuPont faces C8 criminal probe
Department of Justice demands company turn over documents

By Ken Ward Jr.
The Charleston Gazette
(West Virginia)
May 16, 2005

"Scotchguard" whistleblower files federal complaint. Minnesota scientist cites threats by ex-3M executive heading MN Pollution Control Agency.

A Minnesota state scientist has filed a federal whistleblower complaint over threats, reprimands and restraints against her for disclosing widespread contamination stemming from release of chemicals used by the 3M Corporation for 50 years in a number of popular consumer products, according to a copy of the filing released today by Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER)...

After Dr. Oliaei discovered PFC contamination in half of the fish she examined from what are considered pristine waters of Voyageurs National Park, the agency denied her repeated request to broaden the investigation. In recent weeks, the harassment of Dr. Oliaei includes –
A reprimand for comments she made in an agency-approved interview with Minnesota Public Radio. The agency now contends that Dr. Oliaei’s remarks lacked proper “disclaimers,” misstated the agency position and “dishonored the hard work” of colleagues; and
An order forbidding her to supply information requested by members of the State Legislature.

MPCA Commissioner Sheryl Corrigan, a former 3M executive, has told Dr. Oliaei that there is no room in the agency for “scientific work.” MPCA manager Marvin Hora also told Dr. Oliaei that if she kept pushing the PFC issue “I will terminate the program (emerging contaminants) and you are the only one in the program.” Last week, on May 11th, Dr. Oliaei’s supervisor asked “Why are you still here? If you really want to be effective, you better get a job somewhere else.” ...

-- Read Dr. Oliaei’s whistleblower complaint: Fardin Oliaei v. Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
-- See the reprimand for her interview with Minnesota Public Radio
-- Look at the MPR story

Press Release
Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER)
May 13, 2005

Fardin Oliaei v. Minnesota Pollution Control Agency.

This is a complaint by Dr. Fardin Oliaei against the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) and Sheryl Corrigan, Mike Sandusky, Marvin Hora, Doug Hall, and Paul Hoff (employees of the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency) for discrimination under several Federal environmental statutes. Dr. Oliaei requests an investigation of her complaint.

Specifically, Dr. Oliaei is being subjected to a campaign of harassment at MPCA because of her efforts - as required by her position as an MPCA research scientist focusing on emerging contaminants – to study, test and monitor various emerging contaminants in Minnesota, specifically including perfluorochemical compounds (PFCs) that had been manufactured by Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing (3M). Dr. Oliaei is responsible for bringing to the public’s attention important environmental issues impacting public health through disclosures to her managers, Minnesota Public Radio and other media, and to members of the Minnesota Legislature...

Before the US Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration
May 13, 2005

Minnesota Pollution Control Agency Reprimand to Dr. Oliaei over her interview with Minnesota Public Radio..

Memo from Paul Hoff, Supervisor, Environmental Information and Reporting Unit, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency to Fardin Oliaci, Research Scientist
April 28, 2005

WWF Lists 20 Chemicals to Be Added to POPs Treaty

Press Release from World Wildlife Fund 
April 28, 2005

Environmental, labor group ideas rejected.
Protesters picket DuPont shareholders meeting.

The News Journal (Delaware)
April 27, 2005

DuPont proposal on disclosing PFOA costs is rejected

By Bob Fernandez
Philadelphia Inquirer
April 24, 2005

Well-water concerns on tap. Trace pollutants from private taps prompting search for fixes.

... Jim Kelly, a health risk assessor for the Health Department, said the PFOS levels ranged from 1.2 ppb to about 3.5 ppb; levels above 1 ppb are considered unsafe. Those residents, like Eder, were given bottled water to drink...

By Nancy Yang and Mary Divine
St. Paul Pioneer Press (Minnesota)
April 13, 2005

Amalgamated Bank to Vote 'FOR' DuPont Stockholder Proposal

- Investors Seek Board Disclosure Related to Consequences of Chemical Used in Teflon(R)

Press Release
Source: Amalgamated Bank
April 12, 2005

DuPont Investor Coalition Urges Shareholders to Back C8 Disclosure Proposal.
Thousands of shareholders warned about possible impact of hidden C8 costs

Press Release from DuPont Shareholders for Fair Value (DSFV)
April 11, 2005

ACSH challenges animal tests as cancer indicator in humans (from Chemical News & Intelligence)

By Brian Ford
News item from Chemical News & Intelligence
posted by the American Council on Science and Health (ACSH)
April 8, 2005

DuPont Shareholder Seeks Disclosure of Expenses on Chemical Being Studied by EPA

Associated Press
April 1, 2005

Letter sent to Paper Company Officers
from Boyd Young, International President, PACE

... One fluorinated telomer, known as Zonyl®, is manufactured by DuPont and is widely used in the paper and forest industry. I am deeply concerned that PACE members may not be getting sufficient information about Zonyl®, and that DuPont may not have fully informed employers about the potential harmful effects ...Zonyl® is applied to linerboarrd, folding cartons, bags, fast food wrappers, flexible packaging, support cards to candy/bakery products, pet food liners, trays, and uplicator/reproduction paper. Zonyl® is linked to serious health risks, including birth defects, cancer, developmental problems and high cholesterol, a risk factor for heart attack and stroke ...

Fact Sheet on DuPont Zonyl

PACE - ZONYL Chemical Survey

List of Paper Companies

Paper, Allied-Industriral, Chemical Enegey Workers International Union

Paper, Allied-Industriral, Chemical Enegey Workers International Union
March 23, 2005

C8 testing could begin in July

By Pamela Brust
The Marietta Times (Ohio)
March 2005

Report: Sick of Dust
Chemicals in Common Products -
A needless Health Risk in Our Homes

The report found six classes of chemicals in household dust, including:

Perfluorinated surfactants -- two of them PFOS and PFOA -- are in floor polishes, film and denture cleaners. PFOA is used to make Teflon cookware. The surfactants are also in Gore-Tex. They are potentially carcinogenic and damage organ function and sexual development in lab animals.

Excerpt from Table 4. Summary analytical results for individual contaminants in all samples
Perfluorinated Chemicals
Average concentration
Minimum concentration
Maximum concentration
Perfluorooctanoic acid [PFOA]
Perfluorooctanyl sulfonate [PFOS]

By Pat Costner, Beverly Thorpe, and Alexandra McPherson

Safer Products Project

A project of
Clean Production Action

March 23, 2005

Study says household dust holds dangerous chemicals. Homes in 7 states tested for residues of consumer goods.

By Jane Kay
San Francisco Chronicle
March 20, 2005

Du Pont, 3M to cut nonstick chemical
Companies will reduce possible carcinogen PFOA at end of 2006

By Douglas Fischer,
Inside Bay Area
Alameda Times-Star (California)

Released March 18, 2005

Teflon and Human Health: do the charges stick? Assessing the safety of the chemical PFOA. - April 2005

Comments and contributions from those who reviewed all or part of the longer position paper on which this booklet is based:

Larry Beeson, Loma Linda University
Hinrich L. Bohn, U. of Arizona
Joseph F. Borzelleca, Virginia Commonwealth University
John Doull, U. of Kansas
Gordon W. Gribble, Dartmouth College
F. Peter Guengerich, Vanderbuilt U. School of Medicine
Theodore R. Holford, Yale U. School of Medicine
Rudolph J. Jaeger, Environmental Medicine, Inc.
Manfred Kroger, Pennsylvania State U.
Roger P. Maickel, Purdue U.
Thomas H. Milby, Walnut Creek, CA
Ian C. Munro, Cantox Health Sciences International
Roy F. Spalding, U. of Nebraska
Arelene Weiss, Environmental Medicine, Inc.
James J. Worman, Rochester Institute of Technology

See also: Press Relase

Notes from EC:

• John Doull is currently Chairman of the National Research Council Committee: Toxicologic Risk of Fluoride in Drinking Water. Dr. Doull was a long-serving member of the ACSH Board of Scientific and Policy Advisors until July 2003. In May 2003 I submitted comments to this committee requesting that Dr. Doull be removed as Chair. While he was not removed, his name disappeared from the ACSH Board by July 2003. (See also FAN's website on the NRC Committee.)

• Ian Munro, an ACSH board member, undermined scientific integrity when he served as Chair of the Subcommittee on Upper Reference Levels of Nutrients for a 1997 Institute of Medicine report. It was Dr. Munro's Committee which established the unbelievably high Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) for fluoride of 10 mg/day for "Children and Adults > 8 years". (Ref: Dietary reference intakes for calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, vitamin D, and fluoride. - The recommendations in this report are applicable to the US and Canada.) See correspondence on this issue: 1997 and 1998, 1998-1999.
..... Dr. Munro's consulting firm, CANTOX, services the wants of industry in Canada. For example, CANTOX was the consultanting firm that successfully represented their client to obtain a permit in 2001 to burn 30,000 parts-per-million (not a typo) of PCBs in Cornwall, Ontario, Canada. The parties to this Hearing opposing the permit were Paul and Ellen Connett and the Mohawks at Akwesasne.

• See list of ACSH Board Members

Prepared for The American Council on Science and Health (ACSH)

According to Peter Montague: ACSH is "a scheme-tank supported by the chemical industry." (Ref: Rachel's Environment & Health News.
# 656. A Campaign of Reassuring Falsehoods. June 24, 1999.)

March 18, 2005

DuPont C8 Announcement 'Too Little, Too Late' to Protect Workers, Consumers
- PACE International Union says company still fails to come clean about health risks of C8 and related chemicals

Press Release
PACE International Union

March 17, 2005

DU finds no Teflon-related contamination in water, but lawsuit test results disagree

By Martin Burkey
The Decatur Daily (Alabama)
March 15, 2005

Two versions of an Associated Press report:

DuPont Decision

By Denise Alex
WTAP News (Parkersburg, West Virginia)

DuPont to cut amount of chemical used to make Teflon

The Beacon Journal (Ohio)
March 14, 2005

How we depend on chemicals

By Douglas Fischer
Ukiah Daily Journal (Mendocino County, California)
March 11, 2005

More 3M water testing urged. Group targets two chemicals.

St. Paul Pioneer Press (Minnesota)
March 9, 2005

Letter to: Ms. Sheryl Corrigan, Commissioner, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
From: Jane Houlihan, Vice President for Research, EWG

Envronmental Working Group
March 5, 2005

C8 suit's settlement could set precedent

By Justin McIntosh
The Marietta Times (Ohio)
March 2, 2005

Case may yield lawyers $82 million

By George Hohmann
Charleston Daily Mail (West Virginia)
March 1, 2005

Judge approves DuPont settlement
Company agrees to pay at least $107.6 million over use of chemical C8

By: Ken Ward Jr.
Charleston Gazette (West Virginia)
March 1, 2005 

Wood County judge OKs settlement in C8 class-action suit

The Marietta Times (Ohio)
From staff and wire reports

Feb 24, 2005

EPA Science Advisers Suggest Greater Cancer Potency Of C-8

Feb 24, 2005

MPCA slow to look into contamination from 3M chemical

Associated Press
Grand Forks Herald (Minnesotta)

Feb 23, 2005

Drinking Water Utility Says Problems Arise From Lack Of Guidance on Perfluorooctanoic Acid

By: Pat Phibbs
Bureau of National Affairs

Feb 22-23, 2005

Human Health Risks from Exposure to Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA)

Presentation to: EPA Science Advisory Board, PFOA Review Panel

By: Jane Houlihan and Tim Kropp,
Environmental Working Groupo
Feb 22-23, 2005

Comments from the The Little Hocking Water Association, Inc. Little Hocking, Ohio. to the EPA Science Advisory Board, PFOA Review Panel

Bob Griffin
General Manager

The Little Hocking Water Association, Inc.
Feb 22, 2005 Update

Evauating human health risks from exposure to Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA):

Recommendations to the Science Advisory Board's PFOA Review Panel.

Timothy Kropp, Ph.D., Senior Toxicologist
Jane Houlihan, M.S., Vice President for Research
Environmental Working Group,
Washington, DC
Feb 22, 2005

See website: Perfluorooctanoic Acid Human Health Risk Assessment Review Panel (PFOA Review Panel)

Feb 4, 2005

DU considers water sampling for Teflon

By Martin Burkey
The Decatur Daily (Alabama)

Feb 3, 2005

Group seeks Teflon test of Decatur tap water

By Martin Burkey
The Decatur Daily (Alabama)

Jan 18, 2005

EPA charges DuPont hid Teflon's risks. U.S. orders study on health perils of key chemical.

By Michael Hawthorne
Chicago Tribune
Jan 15, 2005

January 15, 2005. Canada Gazette. Part 1. Vo. 139, No. 3.
[at least 50 chemicals are cited]

Notice with respect to certain perfluoroalkyl and fluoroalkyl substances. Pursuant to paragraph 71(1)(b) of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, notice is hereby given that the Minister of the Environment requires, for the purpose of assessing whether the substances listed in Schedule 1 to this notice are toxic or are capable of becoming toxic, or for the purpose of assessing whether to control or the manner in which to control the listed substances, any person described in Schedule 2 to this notice who possesses or who may reasonably be expected to have access to the information required in Schedule 3 to this notice to provide that information no later than April 28, 2005, at 3 p.m. Eastern Standard Time.

SCHEDULE 1 Substances
The substances included in the scope of this notice are those that meet the following criteria: Perfluoroalkyl and fluoroalkyl substances that contain the chemical fragment R-(CF2)n-R', where n is greater than or equal to 3, R is any atom or molecular moiety, R' is any atom or molecular moiety other than H, F or Cl, and any F may be substituted with a perfluoroalkyl group. (Excluding perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), its salts, and its precursors that contain the C8F17SO2, C8F17SO3, or C8F17SO2N group.) The following are examples of substances meeting the above criteria.
1. Fluoro acrylate polymers
2. Fluoro acrylates
3. Fluoro alcohol derivatives
3. Fluoro alcohol derivatives
4. Fluoro alcohols
5. Fluoro esters
6. Fluoro phosphates
7. Fluoro sulfonamides
8. Fluoro sulfonates
9. Fluoro thioethers
10. Fluoro urethanes
11. Perfluoro carboxylic acids
12. Perfluoro ethers
13. Perfluoroalkylsulfonamide alcohol derivatives
14. Perfluoroalkylsulfonamide aminopropyl derivatives
15. Perfluoroalkylsulfonamide chromium complex derivatives
16. Perfluoroalkylsulfonamide glycine derivatives
17. Perfluoroalkylsulfonamide phosphate derivatives
18. Perfluoroalkylsulfonamide polyethoxylate derivatives
19. Perfluoroalkylsulfonamides
20. Perfluoroalkylsulfonates
21. Perfluoroalkylsulfonyl derivatives
22. Miscellaneous perfluoroalkyl and fluoroalkyl substances:

Excluded from the scope of this notice are
• totally halogenated chlorofluorocarbons that have the molecular formula CnClxF(2n+2-x) (CFCs);
• hydrochlorofluorocarbons that have the molecular formula CnHxFyCl(2n+2-x-y) (HCFCs);
• hydrofluorocarbons that have the molecular formula CnHxF(2n+2-x) (HFCs);
• perfluorocarbons that have the molecular formula CnF(2n+2) (PFCs);
• perfluoroalkene polymers (including polytetrafluoroethylene); and
• perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), its salts, and its precursors that contain the C8F17SO2, C8F17SO3, or C8F17SO2N group.

Canada Department of Environment
Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999

Jan 13, 2005

Teflon Chemical's Potential Risk Cited

By Juliet Eilperin
Washington Post
Jan 4, 2005

Executive Summary - 10 pages - Draft Risk Assessment of the potential human health effects associated with exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid and its salts

US EPA Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, Risk Assessment Division
Jan 4, 2005

Full report - 132 pages - Draft Risk Assessment of the potential human health effects associated with exposure to perfluorooctanoic acid and its salts

US EPA Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, Risk Assessment Division

See also:

The Environmental Working Group's comprehensive online report on Perfluroinated Chemicals
that includes a
searchable database to hundreds of documents.

Adverse effects identified mainly in animal experiments with PFOS and PFOA

Selected Statements, Studies, and Reports

Federal Register Entries

PFOS / PFOA Index Page

Timeline for PFOS and PFOA chemicals

Abstracts on PFOS and PFOA for the following years:
Fluoride Action Network | Pesticide Project | 315-379-9200 |