Return to 1-Chloro-1,1-difluoroethane
EPA List 2 Inert (Halogenated
Cancer - potential
for the ozone layer"
(only comprehensive for the US)
List 2 Inert
|Of special interest:
BAD ACTOR - Carcinogen
profile from Hazardous Substances Data Bank
Release Inventory. Brief Summary.
IRIS - Integrated
Risk Information System -
- 1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane is identified as:
for the ozone layer."
The report, entitled Examples
of substances requiring particular attention, was
issued by the Swedish National Chemicals Inspectorate in collaboration
with the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Swedish
National Board of Occupational Safety and Health. NATIONAL CHEMICALS
INSPECTORATE. Order No 510 622. Second, revised edition, 1998.
See list of the specific Fluorine
and organofluorine pesticides cited in the report.
EPA List of Inerts. This substance
is on List
US EPA allows so-called "Inert" ingredients to be commonly
mixed with the "active" pesticidal ingredient to
create a formulated pesticide product. According
to EPA, "The term `inert' is not intended to imply
nontoxicity; the ingredient may or may not be chemically active."
"Inert" ingredients include solvents, emulsifiers,
spreaders, and other substances mixed into pesticide products
to increase the effectiveness of the active ingredients, make
the product easier to apply, or to allow several active ingredients
to mix in one solution. Both US EPA and California Department
of Pesticide Regulation require pesticide manufacturers to
identify inert ingredients in their products but do not disclose
this information to the general public because the pesticide
industry considers product formulations trade secrets, protected
by law and by the US EPA. The US EPA category of Inerts (as
of September 2003):
List 1 - Of Toxicological
List 2 -
Potentially Toxic / High Priority for Testing
3 - Of Unknown Toxicity
List 4A - Generally Regarded as Safe
List 4B - EPA states it has Sufficient Information to Reasonably
Conclude that the Current Use Pattern in Pesticide Products
will not Adversely Affect Public Health or the Environment
List 4 (all)
good report: Toxic
Secrets": "Inert" Ingredients in Pesticides
1987-1997, published by Northwest
Coalition for Alternatives to Pesticides.