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“[T]he political profluoridation stance has evolved into a dogmatic, authoritarian, essentially antiscientific posture, one that discourages open debate of scientific issues.” - Dr. Edward Groth, Senior Scientist, Consumers Union, 1991.
“Journal editors often have refused for political reasons to publish information that raises questions about fluoridation.” - Chemical & Engineering News, August 1, 1988.
“We are left with compelling evidence that powerful interests with high financial stakes have colluded to prematurely close honest discussion and investigation into fluoride toxicity.” - Dr. Sheldon Krimsky, Tufts University, August 16, 2004.
“The Public Health Service, unfortunately, has locked itself into a position where it has made this statement on the record that there is absolutely no hazard to fluoridating public water supplies and the matter is closed. Now, that, of course, is immediately an unscientific approach.” - Ralph Nader, Consumer Advocate, 1971.
OVERVIEWS: Suppression of Scientific Dissent in Fluoridation Debate:
- Suppressed Science: A Stain on Society
- Professional Attack
- Is Science Censored?
- The Promotion of Water Fluoridation: An Historical Overview
Specific Cases of Politics Trumping Science:
- EPA’s Decision to Weaken Fluoride Safety Standard
- The Altered Recommendations of the Surgeon General’s Medical Committee
- FDA’s Failure to Regulate Fluoride Supplements
- Harvard’s Fluoride Bone Cancer Research
SPECIFIC CASES of Scientists Being Fired for Raising Concerns:
EPA May Challenge Employee Right to Sue in Novel Fluoride Case
EPA may challenge the recent move by the union representing EPA's professionals to join environmentalists in a suit over Safe Drinking Water Act health standards for fluoride, sources say, using the argument that the group has no "standing" to intervene because the workers are part of EPA itself. The National Federation of Federal Employees 2050 local has filed a friend-of-the-court brief supporting a lawsuit brought by the Natural Resources Defense Council seeking a vastly strengthened fluoride drinking water standard.
An Examination of Statements by US Public Health Officials on Fluoride Toxicity: Part 1
The problem here is not simply that Kassler made a mistake. Everyone makes mistakes. The problem is that to make a mistake of this magnitude requires a breathtaking degree of ignorance, and by extension incompetence, on the subject.
New Study Fails to Refute Fluoride-Osteosarcoma Link
A paper in the Journal of Dental Research by dentist Chester Douglass and colleagues, "An Assessment of Bone Fluoride and Osteosarcoma," claims to show no association between fluoride bone levels and osteosarcoma, a form of bone cancer. However, Douglass' study has serious scientific flaws and is incapable of disproving a previous study which linked water fluoridation to osteosarcoma.
Fluoride & Osteosarcoma: A Timeline
Several human epidemiological studies have found an association between fluoride in drinking water and the occurrence of osteosarcoma (bone cancer) in young males. These studies are consistent with the National Toxicology Program's (NTP) cancer bioassay which found that fluoride-treated male rats had an dose-dependent increase in osteosarcoma. Although a number of studies have failed to detect an association between fluoride and osteosarcoma, none of these studies have measured the risk of fluoride at specific windows in time, which based on recent results, is the critical question with respect to fluoride and osteosarcoma.
Fluoride & Liver Cancers in NTP Bioassay
On October 28, 1988, Battelle Columbus Laboratories submitted its Final Report to the NTP concerning the results of the Mouse study. The principal finding of Battelle's report was that a dose-dependent increase of a rare liver cancer (hepatocholangiocarcinoma) had occurred in the fluoride-treated male and female mice.
Fluoride's Effect on Male Reproductive System -- The "Sprando/Collins" Anomaly
In contrast to the findings of over 60 animal studies from other research teams, a series of studies by FDA researchers Sprando & Collins reported virtually no evidence of reproductive toxicity among animals treated with very high levels of fluoride exposure. The reasons for this discrepancy remains unclear. Excerpts from Sprando/Collins' Studies: "This study
Interview with EPA's Dr. William Marcus on NTP's Fluoride/Cancer Study
The following is an interview with Dr. William Marcus, Senior Science Advisor in EPA's Office of Drinking Water, concerning the National Toxicology Program's animal study on fluoride & cancer.
Fluoride & the Brain: An Interview with Dr. Phyllis Mullenix
The following interview with Phyllis Mullenix took place on October 18, 1997. The interviewer is Paul Connett. I. ACADEMIC BACKGROUND Connett: We're talking with Dr. Phyllis Mullenix, who in 1995, published a very important work on the neurotoxic effects of fluoride in rat studies. And Phyllis would you begin by telling us your
Interview with EPA's Dr. William Hirzy About Fluoride & Cancer
The following is an excerpt of Michael Connett's interview with Dr. J. William Hirzy, Senior Vice President of EPA's Headquarters Union in Washington DC. The interview took place on July 3, 2000, a couple days after Hirzy testified before the US Senate calling for an independent review of the tumor slides from
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